Pritzker Prize winning architect, Shigeru Ban, helped to bring the cardboard to the forefront of design by incorporating it into applications beyond packaging. Now, Amsterdam-based collective, Fiction Factory, has created a modular housing design that’s composed largely of cardboard.
The project has been dubbed Wikkelhouse, which translates as Wrap House. The completed prototype is made up of a series of interlocking cardboard components that each weight about 500 kilograms. Each component has a width of 3.9 feet (1.2 meters), and allows the designers to easily adjust the overall length of the structure.
The shell is composed of 24 layers of cardboard, that’s moulded into the house shape, and bonded with an environmentally friendly superglue. From the designers: “Using cardboard as its main building material, Wikkelhouse is a cutting-edge sustainable house with a beautiful design and exceptional constructive strength.”
The modularity of the design also makes it easy to transport. The exterior is finished in a waterproof membrane, over which timber siding is fastened. Apparently its lightweight design allows it to be installed without a foundation. However, it does look to be set on some sort of concrete plinth.
Depending on your needs, you can add on a kitchen, shower, or bathroom. In terms of longevity, the structure is designed to last at least 50 years, after which it can be recycled: “It is as much as three times more durable than traditional construction and has an expected life of at least 50 years.”
Intended use for the Wikkelhouse ranges from a getaway cabins and home offices, to disaster relief housing.